Safety Awareness

Safety Awareness

Safety Awareness is like almost everything else we do . . . it is learned, not instinctive. We aren’t born with awareness for safety concerns . . . in fact anyone who has a young toddler or grandchild knows this first hand as they see them going around doing unsafe things constantly.

We learn through various means. Some learn by doing, others by watching, some by reading. Others learn by their mistakes or the mistakes of others which is one reason we talk about near misses and direct incidents and also emphasize that both be reported by staff that were involved or were eye witneses to these kinds of incidents.

So how do you know you have developed good safety awareness? Here are some good examples of behaviours that suggest you have good safety awareness:

  1. Before you begin a job, you consider how to do it more safely
  1. You ensure you know how and when to use personal protective equipment if your job task exposes you to inherent hazards.
  1. As you work , you check your position to reduce strain on your body
  1. While you are working, you become aware of any changes in the area-people coming, or going, jobs beginning or ending
  1. You start talking with others about safety

Monitor yourself today and see if you have got good safety awareness. If you don’t, one of the best ways to gain further awareness is to step back and take a hard look at your actions or a co-worker’s actions as they are performing a job. Watch for risky actions or unsafe acts.  You will learn and if you’re watching a coworker….share those observations with them to help them go home safely every day.

Till I come your way again, do have safe rest of the day


Goke Akingbade

Safety guide solutions.


The relevance of conducting a Job Hazard Analysis.


The Relevance of conducting a Job Hazard Analysis.

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) here with another interesting topic to dwell on. We will discussing about a very important aspect on occupational health and safety.

If the operational activities of your organization put your employees at risk or exposed them to hazardous Job tasks, then you need to conduct Risk assessment of the work. One Risk assessment tool is a Job Hazard Analysis. A job hazard analysis is a risk assessment tool that screens job tasks by breaking the work into key steps, identify potential hazards and prefer safe work procedures to control risk that is associated with the inherent hazards.
Any non routine work that poses high risk, any task that can lead to worker injury or illness, any hot work task need a job hazard analysis to be conducted before embarking on it.
You can get information about such job task from your accident reports and workers compensation claims. Any job task that has the following criteria must have a job hazard analysis conducted for it:
1. A task with a history of work related injuries or near misses.
2. A work leading to a catastrophic event, release of toxic gas ,chemical release.
3. A work done in a new environment.
4. Any form of work that requires a work permit before it can be embarked on.
5. Rarely performed job tasks, any type of maintenance procedure faols under this category.
In fully identifying such kinds of jobs, information can he obtained from the following sources:
A. Accident reports and near miss reports
B. Workers compensation claims
C. Walk around workplace inspection.
Accident investigation reports will direct you to workers who were involved in injuries before and also type of injury that it was. A similar information will be gotten from a near miss report, this will help detect potential unsafe situations in the past and also hazardous behaviors too.
The questions to ask about each subtask
1. Does the layout of the process create hazards
2. Are workers working in environment exposing them to extreme temperatures?
3.Is there enough lighting in the work environment?
4. Is the work done outdoors which can expose workers to unfavorable weather conditions?
5. Is the work done at height, be it a ladder, roof top etc?
6. Do the tools, equipment create a hazard?
7. Is there an access or egress to access the work area?
8. Is there excessive noise or vibration while the work is being done?
9. Can any part of the worker’s body or clothing be caught in an equipment or machinery?
The Relevance of involving employees in the JHA process.
It is very important that the worker involved in the job task be carried along when conducting a Job Hazard Analysis as well as the worker’s supervisor.This is to enable them bring their insights into the process. They can help in the identification of hazards and also taking ownership of the JHA process.
This is where we will be stopping for today. So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) wishing you a great and safe rest of the day.

Good Housekeeping Practices in the workplace.


Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic to dwell on.

Housekeeping is a very crucial subject matter in occupational safety and health.                                      Good housekeeping is ensuring that your workplace is clean and tidy, and also ensuring that whatever materials, work tools after being used are kept and stored away from harm’s way. Housekeeping can help in the prevention of injuries, ill-health and in the long term enhance productivity.

It is important that a company’s top level management incorporate good housekeeping practices as part of its health and safety program, and show leadership by example in order to get the buy-in of every employee.

Housekeeping is applicable in every sphere of industry, let us consider areas where it can be implemented:


According to the data from the Bureau of Labour Statistics, slips, trips and falls were the second leading cause of nonfatal occupational injuries or illnesses involving days away from work in 2013.

Companies should select adequate flooring (e.g., cement or ceramic tile), as different kinds of flooring hold up better under certain conditions, according to Fred Norton, technical director of ergonomics and manufacturing technology for Risk Control Services, Liberty Mutual Insurance in Walnut Creek, CA. Then, develop and implement housekeeping procedures using appropriate cleaners.

To help prevent slip, trip and fall incidents, the Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety recommends the following:

Ensure to report and clean up spills and leaks. Ensure to keep walkways and exits clear of items so as to prevent obstruction. Ensure to replace worn, ripped or damage flooring.         For areas that can’t always be cleaned, consider installing anti-slip flooring.Every workplace should be free of projecting nails, splinters, holes and loose boards.


According to OSHA’s Hazardous Materials Standard( 1210.106),Combustible waste should be “stored in covered metal receptacles and disposed of daily” . The employees are responsible in keeping their workspace free from any form of combustible material

Listed below are some precautionary measures for fire safety:

  1. Keep combustible materials in the work area only in amounts needed for the job task. When they are not needed, move them to an assigned safe storage area.
  2. Store quick-burning, flammable materials in designated locations away from any form of ignition source.
  3. Avoid contaminating clothes with flammable liquids. If contamination occurs, endeavour to change the clothes.
  4. Keep passageways and fire doors free of obstructions. Always endeavour to close Stairwell doors. Do not store items in stairwells.

This is where we will be stopping for now, so till I come your way again, this is Goke(your Safety Guide)wishing you a wonderful rest of the week.Safety Guide Solutions is a Health, Safety and Environment  Training, Consultancy and advisory services provider. Safety Guide Solutions is a support services company that provides high quality solutions and services to the energy, manufacturing and construction sectors of Nigeria’s Economy.                                                                                           For your HSE Documentation needs, training, general safety information, we can be reached on 2347081101064 for further details.






Fatigue in the workplace

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety guide ) bringing you another interesting point of discussion. We will be looking at fatigue today.
Fatigue is defined as weariness or exhaustion from labor, exertion or stress. It is a workplace hazard. It is one of the leading causes of injury in the workplace or at home. Fatigue affects your ability to think clearly and act appropriately. It tends to make the individual worker less alert, less productive and more likely to incur injuries or get involved in accidents.
People who are fatigued can be unaware that they are not performing their work or task at their best. The worst case scenario is that they can drop off to sleep in the middle of the task, which can tend to have fatal consequences.

Fatigue is the end result of:
Inadequate sleep for repair and recovery of our body (in each 24-25 hour period)
Working out of harmony with your natural body clock (the natural cycle is to work during daylight and sleep when it is dark)
(c) Extreme physical or mental exertion.
However a range of contributing factors can increase the risk of fatigue. Some factors are work based and some personal, they are as follows:
Work scheduling, rostering or timing
Workload that is machine paced, complex or monotonous, physically or mentally strenuous (or both)
The work environment, eg heat cold, vibration, noise
Workers lifestyle, family responsibilities, ill health.
People who do shift work and heavy vehicle drivers are particularly at risk of fatigue because their natural body clock and sleep rhythms are disrupted. For example research shows shift workers are 6 times more likely to be involved in a fatigue-related road crash than any other workers.
What can I do to reduce fatigue?
Tips for employers.
Fatigue is a workplace hazard, and it needs to be managed in the same way as other hazards. Employers can: 1.Manage the workplace environment and practices to minimise the factors that could contribute to fatigue. Make sure employees understand why they need to manage the risk of fatigue and how to minimise their fatigue level. Encourage staff to manage their personal out of work fatigue risk factors.
Tips for employees.
Work with your employer to manage fatigue-related risks in the workplace. Some simple things you can do at work are:                      1.Vary work tasks so you stay alert.  2.Take regular breaks.            3.Notify your supervisor or manager if you’re feeling fatigue. 4.Outside the work environment, you can reduce your risk of fatigue by:
(a).Making sleep a priority; avoid cutting back on sleep in order to fit everything else in. (b).Improving the quality and quantity of your sleep; have a regular bed time routine. (c).Make sure your bedroom is dark, cool and comfortable; get treatment for sleep disorders. (d).Choose what you eat and drink carefully: eat light nutritious meals (heavy meals make you drowsy); drink plenty of water; minimise your caffeine and alcohol intake
As with other workplace hazards, management and individuals need to work together to minimize the risk and the effect of fatigue.
The only cure for fatigue is sleep.
So till I come your way next time, it is Goke Akingbade signing off.


Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety guide) bringing you an interesting topic to dwell on. Sprains and strains are common and costly in especially construction industry and manufacturing firms today. They are costly for businesses, they are costly (and painful ) for workers and they are costly (and frustrating ) for safety professionals.

Sprains and strains are preventable in all workplaces . What needs to be done is management and staff taking proactive steps in preventing them from occurring.

Risk factors need to be identified and control measures ought to be systematically applied.

The hard part is deciding to reduce all risk factors, gaining 100% leadership commitment and instituting a process that persists over the course of time.

What are Sprains?

A sprain is an injury to a ligament (tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint). In a sprain, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn.

What are Strains?

A strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon (tissue that connects muscle to bone). In a strain, a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn.

The Causes of Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains can happen suddenly or develop over the course of days, weeks or months. When a worker is exposed to causative risk factors, they are more likely to develop a sprain / strain.

There are two general categories of risk factors; ergonomic (workplace) risk factors and individual risk factors.

Ergonomic (Workplace) Risk Factors:

Excessive Force: A lot of job tasks require high force loads impacted on the human body. Muscle effort increases in response to high force requirements, increasing associated fatigue which can lead to Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD.

Excessive Repetition: Most job tasks of workers involve tasks are repetitive in nature, and are frequently controlled by hourly or daily production targets and work processes. High task repetition, when combined with other risks factors such high force and/or awkward postures, can contribute to the formation of MSD.

Awkward Posture: Awkward postures  place excessive force on joints and overload the muscles and tendons around the effected joint. Joints of the body are most efficient when they operate closest to the mid-range motion of the joint. Risk of MSD is increased when joints are worked outside of this mid-range repetitively or for sustained periods of time without adequate recovery time.

Other environmental factors: Slip, trip and fall hazards increase risk of a sudden / acute soft tissue injury.

Individual Risk Factors:

Poor ergonomic work practices: Workers who engage poor work practices, body mechanics and poor lifting techniques introduce risk factors that can contribute to MSDs. These poor practices create unnecessary stress on their bodies that increases fatigue and decreases their body’s ability to properly recover.

Poor health habits: Workers who smoke, engage in excessive drinking, are obese, or exhibit numerous other poor health habits are putting themselves at risk for musculoskeletal disorders. They are also exposed to risk for other chronic diseases that will shorten their life and health span.

Poor rest and recovery: MSDs develop when fatigue outruns the workers recovery system, leading to a musculoskeletal imbalance. Workers who do not get enough rest and recovery put themselves at higher risk.

No recognition of early signs and symptoms: Many Musculoskeletal injuries develop over time. At the first signs of excessive fatigue/discomfort, the worker has an opportunity to recognize the early signs and symptoms and proactively use recommended injury prevention tools and principles. Not identifying early warning signs can lead to a reactive approach – and it is just a matter of time until these signs and symptoms develop into a musculoskeletal injury.

This is where we will stop for today, so till I come your way again,this is Goke( your Safety guide) signing off.

Safety Guide Solutions


Work Ergonomically

Hello there,this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic to dwell on. We will be discussing how to work ergonomically.
Ergonomics is the study of designing procedures and equipment to prevent employees from unnecessary injuries. Employees must be warned that, for instance, if they use awkward postures to complete their job task, they might put unnecessary stress on muscles and tendons.
This stress can eventually result in back pain, tendonitis, and damage to joints by forcing muscles and tendons out of their natural positions.
Listed below are some awkward postures which can result in a risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs):
(a)Reaching overhead.              (b)The amount of force the body must maintain in order to hold the awkward posture.                   (c)Lifting an object while twisting, reaching or turning.           (d)Holding fixed positions, such as bending and twisting, called static load. 

To prevent back injuries, workers must take the following precautions:                                  (1)Use lifting aids whenever possible, especially when lifting repetitively or lifting heavy objects. 

(2)Never twist your back while lifting-instead, move your feet so that your trunk stays straight or rearrange your work area so that twisting will not be necessary while lifting.
(3)Always lift with your legs, not with your back. Squat down, bring the load close to your body, and lift with your legs.
(4)Use a stepstool or ladder, if you need to lift something above your shoulders. Remember never to use the top two steps or rungs.
(5)Dont try to be a hero- if an object is too heavy for you to lift, get help from either from another employee or mechanical lifting.
(6)Keep your back in top shape by exercising and keeping your weight down. For nstance, doing sit-ups regularly will help strengthen both your stomach and back muscles, both of which help in the lifting process. This will help prevent injuries from occurring.
This is where we will be stopping for today. So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide), wishing you a fruitful day.

Ten Easy ways to reduce workplace injuries

10 Easy Ways to Reduce Workplace Injuries.

Computer usage is common by a substantial part of the working environment.

There are numerous ways to reduce computer-related health injuries, by observing safety measures to counter injuries caused by the office environment. Occupational safety measures recommend healthy use of computers so as to lessen the negative impact on human health.

Health problems caused by exposure to computers occur through cumulative trauma disorders connected with prolonged use of machines.

Here are 10 easy steps to do ensure a healthy work environment:

1.You need to adjust the location of work and the angle of the machine in such a way that your body continuously maintains an unstrained and comfortable position. Your arms, forearms and shoulders should be fully relaxed.

2.Counter the effect of carpal tunnel syndrome of the wrist and hand by relieving yourself of the mouse and keyboard from time to time. Take breaks to let your fingers relax and enjoy hand rubs in between.

3.It is the continuous exposure to the computer monitor that may be the cause of eyestrain most times. In this case you should always have a quality glare filter fixed on your monitor screen.

4. Work with a light screen background (dark type or images on white or pale background). You’ll find it is easier on your eyes.

5 Place the monitor and source documents so that they are about the same distance from your eyes. Use a document holder immediately next to the monitor.

6 Rest the muscles of your eyes by focusing on a distant object occasionally.

7 Change your body position periodically throughout the day.

8 The position of the keyboard should be at a proper level in front of you. It is important to ensure proper elbow height that enables you to type with straight wrists.

9 It’s important to be completely relaxed while working on the computer. Injuries and pain can be a problem if you remain constantly tensed as that affects the muscles of the neck and shoulders.

10 A good chair significantly reduces the risk of lower back pain or injury. An ergonomic chair provides comfortable lumbar support and allows for a variety of seated postures.

Till I come your way again, do have a safe day at work.

from Goke Akingbade


Safety Guide Solutions is a Health,Safety and Environment consulting firm that strongly believes that the the health, Safety and welfare of every individual is important. We offer HSE trainings, develop HSE policies and create safety awareness. For more information, please call 07081101064. Email:

The Benefits of a Positive Safety Culture.

The Benefits of a Positive Safety Culture.
Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide),here with another interesting point of discussion. We will be discussing about Safety culture, and the benefits that are derived in Organizations imbibing a positive Safety culture. Firstly let us find out what a Safety culture is.
A Safety culture refers to the way safety issues are addressed in a workplace.
The culture of an organisation has a profound effect on the way people behave. If you want safe behaviour, you need to have a safe culture.

The issue is that employers,supervisors cannot just tell subordinates to behave more safely and expect it to happen. All sorts of things about how an organisation works will affect the way people behave: It has been observed through research that a high amount of accident is largely due to unsafe behaviour of workers.

Workers generally think focusing on speed or efficiency rather than safety is more likely to get them a promotion since operational targets or deadlines given by their supervisors have to be met.
They think considering safety is a sign of weakness
They are reluctant to wear protective equipment because no-one else seems to.
If their boss doesn’t value safety, they don’t see why they should either. People will generally follow visible safety leadership and supervision displayed overtime by their supervisors.
They think that pointing out a colleague’s unsafe behaviour is tantamount to being disloyal to such a colleague.
Listed below are some factors that are yardsticks in determining the safety culture of an organization.
You cannot change the way people feel and think about safety overnight. It is a gradual process that takes time.It takes a change in your organisation’s culture. In a positive safety culture, people are encouraged to put safety first and identify ways to improve safety.

Understanding the different attitudes, perceptions, beliefs and values is the first step towards stimulating a change in safety culture.
Line managers need to first buy into occupational safety has a business improvement strategy just as Operations and Marketing are drivers in business ventures. Safety leadership from line managers will motivate workers in general. Workers need to know that the management they work for care about them.
So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety guide) signing off for now.
Safety Guide Solutions is Health,Safety and Environment consultancy firm. Our Areas of Specialization include : HSE Training, Drafting of HSE Policy and HSE Manuals,
Coordination of HSE awareness programs for organizations.

Home Safety tips

Home Safety tips.

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety guide) bringing you another interesting topic. We will be considering the safety measures to implement at home inorder to prevent occurrence of accidents.

A high amount  of accidents occur in homes, such as falls, fire, suffocation, cuts, injuries and poisoning. Amongst very young people, accidents are majorly the result of lack of knowledge, experience and skills. In slightly older people , carelessness may be the cause. In very old people, slow-reaction, poor muscle coordination, poor sense organs may be the causes of accidents.

Accidents as a result of choking and poisoning occur mostly in very young children. Falls occur in children and old people. Incidents of fire can occur in all age groups.


In order to prevent falls in the house, the following rules listed below may be adopted as safety measures:


i. Always ensure to keep things in their proper places after use.


ii. Always ensure that the floors are kept dry and clean especially in the kitchen. Any water, grease, vegetable and fruit peelings should be removed at once from the kitchen floor to avoid slips and falls


iii. Unwanted furniture or any other discarded items should be properly stored or disposed of.


iv. There should be a step-stool or a step ladder to reach high points out of reach for the housewife.


v. Make sure that staircases are well-lighted at night or in darkness; the staircase must have hand rails for proper grip.


vi. Any articles such as brooms, toys, boxes should never be kept on staircases.


vii. There should be little gates at the top and bottom of staircases, especially if there are small children in the house.


viii.Windows should have grilles or iron bars to prevent children from falling out.


ix. A bath-mat should be on the floor, of the bathroom to prevent skidding and falling.


xi. Everyone should have a torch by the bedside or in close proximity in case the electric power company seizes power or of a need for the individual to get up at night

I strongly believe that implementing these measures will reduce tge occurrence ohomeme accidents, so till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety guide) wishing you a safe week.

The Relevance of Behaviour Based Safety

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic for you to ponder over. We will be continuing on the topic we started on last time, Behaviour-Based Safety.
Behaviour is what a person does or says. What causes an individual to behave in a certain way is influenced by other factors. In other words, a persons behaviour is shaped by attitudes and situations. Behaviour-Based Safety (BBS) is a Safety Management System that species precisely what behaviours are intended to develop and maintain a safe workplace and are known as safe behaviours. It is about identifying management policies and practices that affect human behaviour in the work environment. For an organization to maintain a safe workplace, an effective BBS program must be in place.
A good BBS program will assist organizations to: (1) Reduce near misses, accidents and property damage. (2) Reduce injury and illness rates in the workplace. (3) Maintain a healthier workforce. (4) Reduce workers compensation costs. (5) Reduce workers absenteeism. (6) Improve workers feelings about their work. (7) Elevate safety to a higher level of awareness.
Most injuries and illnesses in the workplace can be prevented. When a company has a safety culture , encouraging a proactive and positive attitude to safety, the number of injuries and illnesses declines. On the other hand, those with poor safety habits, regular at-risk behaviours, and negative attitudes towards safety experience higher incident rates.
Incidents can usually be connected to one or more of the following causes :

(1) BEHAVIOUR ( for example, improper attitude or actions, lack of knowledge or skills.

(2) UNSAFE CONDITIONS which could be environmental.

BEHAVIOUR : examples of these include failure to warn, horseplay, defecting safety devices, operating without authority, working in an unsafe posture, working at an unsafe speed, unsafe loading, placing, mixing, failure of the worker to use PPE.

UNSAFE CONDITIONS : These includes improper PPE, defective equipment, improper ventilation or lighting, and unsafe apparel.
UNSAFE PERSONAL FACTORS : These includes weakness in the muscles, defective eye sight, lack of the needful skills, the use of alcohol or hard drugs, physical or mental impairment.
In identifying the factors that contribute to accidents in the workplace, the following questions must be asked:
Did the worker receive proper safety training?
Did the worker know how to use the equipment?
Are procedures in place to deal with faulty equipment?
Was the worker reminded not to use the faulty equipment?
Why did the supervisor allow the use of such equipment?
Was the job examined by the supervisor first of all?
Why was the fault or defect in the equipment not detected?
It is thus very crucial for organizations to strive to develop a good safety culture.

It is an attitude, rather than a set of rules or procedures. It is a way of life, a mindset achieved and maintained when it is introduced, encouraged and practised by senior management. A successful safety culture requires:

(A) Complete commitment to safety as a lifestyle by senior management.

(B) An expectation, at all levels that safe behaviours ought to be practised both on and off the job.

(C) A comprehensive training program which includes regular refresher training.

(D) Company-wide communication systems for collecting, analysing and exchanging safety related information and incident data.
A safety culture begins with managements commitment to safety, which is clearly seen by everyone at every level.
Interventions should be directed towards the workers behaviour before incidents occur.

The types of interventions will vary depending on the root causes of the behaviour. Effective intervention involves mutual respect and trust. If you are supervisor, make sure that you : (1) Get Involved.

(2) Involve your team.

(3) Look for ways to measure safe behaviour.

(4) Attend the same training as your team.

(5) Be proactive and get involved in safety.

(6) Follow-up on the actions you take.
As an organization, it is very crucial that an effective safety culture is imbibed by every member of the organization.

This is the essence of a behaviour-based safety program. As long as this incorporated into the operational objectives of the organization, and its performance is constantly monitored, there will be an overall improvement in the safety and health of the workforce.
So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade wishing you a safe week ahead.