KITCHEN HAZARDS

KITCHEN HAZARDS

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) congratulating you in your witness of the new year, 2015. A lot of great things await us all in this new year. Today , we will be looking at the hazards in the kitchen. Basically, kitchen hazards include the following:

  1. FALLS
  2. CUTS
  3. ELECTRICAL SHOCK
  4. POISONING
  5. FIRES AND BURNS

FALLS : The first one we are going to consider is falls. This can be very painful when it occurs. Falls usually occur in the kitchen as a result of wet or slippery floors, damaged parts of the floor etc.

PREVENTING FALLS                                                                                                                                                          (1) Damaged flooring must be repaired. (2) Dispose of any broken glass immediately.                         (3) Ensure to keep floors clean and clutter free. (4) Never use chairs to reach high places, use a footstool.

CUTS : A cut is incurred on the body, be it hands, legs or face .etc due to contact with a sharp object or tool.

PREVENTING CUTS                                                                                                                                                                          (1) Keep knives sharp and use properly. (2) Never try to catch a flying knife. (3) Do not put knives in dishwasher pointing side up.(4) Do not soak knives in the sink or water.(5) Use a cutting board when cutting onions, tomatoes or vegetables on a plane surface.

ELECTRIC SHOCK: An electric shock occurs when a person comes in contact with an electrical energy source. Electrical energy flows through a portion of the body causing an electric shock.

PREVENTING ELECTRIC SHOCK                                                                                                                                                       (1) Do not put metal inside a microwave oven.(2) Water and electricity do not mix.                           (3) Look out for electrical problems or issues. (4) Take care in your usage of any plugged in appliance. (5) Dispose of all faulty appliances.(6) Put a childproof lock on your oven.                        (7) Read the owner’s manual.

Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) outlets should be used in kitchens. If there is a surge or short in the appliance, wiring or plug, the GFCI will shut down the power.

POISON: A poison is any substance that is harmful to your body. It might be swallowed, inhaled, injected or absorbed.

PREVENTING POISONING

Hazardous Chemicals:                                                                                                                                                           — Never transfer hazardous products to another container                                                                                                                                                    — Always ensure to read labels.                                                                                                                                                             — Be careful when handling hazardous chemicals, they can cause burns, breathing difficulties and poisoning

For now, this is where we will stop. So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade(your Safety Guide) wishing you a wonderful 2015.

THE IMPORTANCE OF PPE

THE IMPORTANCE OF PPE

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade( your Safety Guide) bringing to you another juicy topic on health and safety. Today, we will be discussing about PPE. PPE is the acronym for Personal Protective Equipment.

Personal Protective Equipment refers to variety of barriers, used alone or in combination, to protect the eyes, nose, mouth, skin, legs and clothing from coming into contact with hazards.

The use of PPE is so important for you and your employees. You as the employer are legally responsible for the safety of your employees while they are within the confines of your workplace, your employees need to know how much responsibility they have on their shoulders in terms of working safely; both for themselves and their colleagues.

Please note that the use and recommendation of PPE is a last resort in health and safety strategy.If the hazards cannot be removed or eliminated, if a more hazardous substance or situation cannot be substituted with a less hazardous substance or condition, and if engineering control measures cannot remove the hazard and its effects, you need to resort to employing administrative controls and use of Personal Protective Equipment.

You can never neglect the human factor; it will always be put into consideration.                                 Workers need to be provided with safe work tools, they need to be provided with psychosocial resources. Workers need to be educated on why they need to engage in safe work practices, the health and safety management system should promote a safe work environment, workers need to undergo safety training which involves demonstration of how to work safely.

Irrespective of all these imperative conditions, one needs to consider the attitude, belief and behaviour of the individual worker towards workplace safety.  One thing that can absolutely be done as a minimum to try to control risks is using personal protective equipment (PPE) properly.

Your organization needs a Health and Safety Representative, be it a direct staff of your organization or a Health and Safety consultant.It is the job of this Health and Safety personnel to train people in what PPE they need to be using, how it needs to be used, the period it needs to be used, and also to supervise the use of the PPE.

Your organization must adopt and implement a policy that requires every employee to use PPE provided in specified circumstances. The policy should make it clear that employee who do not use PPE as directed (including caring and maintaining it) will be disciplined. Please note that Personal Protective Equipment does not remove or eliminate the hazard or those things liable to cause human injury or illness, it only places a barrier between the hazard and the worker.It is also important that your organization designates who will oversee the distribution of PPE to employees when they request to use them, preferably a store personnel.

This is where I have to stop for now, so till I come your way again, this Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) signing off. Wishing you all the best ion the Christmas.

Goke Akingbade

2347081101064

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY IN YOUR ORGANIZATION?

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY IN YOUR ORGANIZATION.

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) bringing to you another juicy topic on health and safety. Most organizations, companies or firms appoint a personnel who oversees the health and safety responsibilities , while some employ the services of a health and safety consultant who is not a direct staff of the organization.

I want you to ponder over the question”who is responsible for Health and Safety in your organization?” , is it just the health and safety manager or a Supervisor, or the consultant.                                      Even though your company may have a person that co-ordinates and oversees the health and safety roles, everyone in your organization including you, is responsible for health and safety.

For management to be able to accomplish its goals and objectives regarding the development of a positive health and safety culture, it needs the co-operation and buy-in of the workforce.                        Without people ( top level management, middle level, new entrants) buying into the idea that everyone has a significant role to play in the execution or implementation of the health and safety management system, Health and Safety might just be seen as an expense or cost , a necessary evil.

When companies incorporate health and safety objectives as part of their vision and mission, and follow through by developing programs, establishing health and safety policies which are implemented. Establishing safe work procedures, placing value on their workforce and consulting them from time to time so as to find out what they think about health and safety.                                                             From the questions asked, one would be able to determine the defects of the health and safety management system.  Indirectly management is showing to the employees that they value their opinion and also take reasonable care about their health and safety.

Giving the employees feedback about the question and concerns discussed with management is also very crucial. These elements show the significance of management sending the message all the way through the organization that a safe and healthful workplace is the responsibility of everyone in the company.

This is where we will stop for today, so till I come your way again, this is Goke Akinagbade ( your Safety Guide) wishing you a safe day.

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THE RELEVANCE OF BEHAVIOUR-BASED SAFETY

THE RELEVANCE OF BEHAVIOUR-BASED SAFETY.
Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade(your Safety Guide) bringing you another topic on health and safety to dwell on.Today , we will be considering Behaviour-Based Safety(BBS),BBS for short.
Behaviour is what a person does or says. What causes an individual to behave in a certain way is influenced by other factors. In other words, a person’s behaviour is shaped by attitudes and situations. Behaviour-Based Safety (BBS) is a Safety Management System that species precisely what behaviours are intended to develop and maintain a safe workplace and are known as safe behaviours. It is about identifying management policies and practices that affect human behaviour in the work environment. For an organization to maintain a safe workplace, an effective BBS program must be in place.
A good BBS program will assist organizations to: (1) Reduce near misses, accidents and property damage. (2) Reduce injury and illness rates in the workplace. (3) Maintain a healthier workforce. (4) Reduce workers’ compensation costs. (5) Reduce workers’ absenteeism. (6) Improve workers feelings about their work. (7) Elevate safety to a higher level of awareness.
Most injuries and illnesses in the workplace can be prevented. When a company has a safety culture , encouraging a proactive and positive attitude to safety, the number of injuries and illnesses declines. On the other hand, those with poor safety habits, regular at-risk behaviours, and negative attitudes towards safety experience higher incident rates.
Incidents can usually be connected to one or more of the following causes : (1) BEHAVIOUR ( for example, improper attitude or actions, lack of knowledge or skills. (2) UNSAFE CONDITIONS which could be environmental. (3) UNSAFE PERSONAL FACTOR.
(1) BEHAVIOUR : examples of these include failure to warn, horseplay, defecting safety devices, operating without authority, working in an unsafe posture, working at an unsafe speed, unsafe loading, placing, mixing, failure of the worker to use PPE.
(2) UNSAFE CONDITIONS : These includes improper PPE, defective equipment, improper ventilation or lighting, and unsafe apparel.
(3) UNSAFE PERSONAL FACTORS : These includes weakness in the muscles, defective eye sight, lack of the needful skills, the use of alcohol or hard drugs, physical or mental impairment.
In identifying the factors that contribute to accidents in the workplace, the following questions must be asked:
(a) Did the worker receive proper safety training?
(b) Did the worker know how to use the equipment?
(c) Are procedures in place to deal with faulty equipment?
(d) Was the worker reminded not to use the faulty equipment?
(e) Why did the supervisor allow the use of such equipment?
(f) Was the job examined by the supervisor first of all?
(g) Why was the fault or defect in the equipment not detected?
It is thus very crucial for organizations to strive to develop a good safety culture.
WHAT IS A SAFETY CULTURE?
It is an attitude, rather than a set of rules or procedures. It is a way of life, a mindset achieved and maintained when it is introduced, encouraged and practised by senior management. A successful safety culture requires: (A) Complete commitment to safety as a lifestyle by senior management.
(B) An expectation, at all levels that safe behaviours ought to be practised both on and off the job.
(C) A comprehensive training program which includes regular refresher training.
(D) Company-wide communication systems for collecting, analysing and exchanging safety related information and incident data.
A safety culture begins with management’s commitment to safety, which is clearly seen by everyone at every level.
Interventions should be directed towards the workers’ behaviour before incidents occur. The types of interventions will vary depending on the root causes of the behaviour. Effective intervention involves mutual respect and trust. If you are supervisor, make sure that you : (1) Get Involved. (2) Involve your team. (3) Look for ways to measure safe behaviour. (4) Attend the same training as your team. (5) Be proactive and get involved in safety. (6) Follow-up on the actions you take.
As an organization, it is very crucial that an effective safety culture is imbibed by every member of the organization. This is the essence of a behaviour-based safety program. As long as this incorporated into the operational objectives of the organization, and its performance is constantly monitored, there will be an overall improvement in the safety and health of the workforce.
Till I come your way gain, this is Goke Akingbade wishing you a great day ahead.