Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade( your safety guide) here again to update you on health and safety issues. Today we will be discussing about safety signs.In the Health and Safety profession, we deal with the use of a lot of signs.A safety sign is defined as a sign providing information or instruction by means of a notice, sign board or colour used to create awareness about safety. Safety signs fall into four groups, namely: (1) Mandatory signs. (2) Prohibitory signs. (3) Hazard or Warning sign. (4) Safety information sign(Emergency Exit and First Aid). So let’s go through them one by one.

(1) MANDATORY SIGN: This is a sign providing information about specific behaviour or action which must be complied with (‘e.g hard hat must be worn or safety boots must be worn’).

FEATURES OF MANDATORY SIGNS (a) Round shape. (b) A white pictogram on a blue background(with the blue part taking up atleast 50% of the area of the sign).

(2) PROHIBITORY SIGN: This is a sign prohibiting behaviour that is likely to cause or increase danger(‘ e.g no smoking sign, No access to unauthorized persons’)                                             FEATURES OF PROHIBITORY SIGNS (a) Round shape. (b) Black pictogram on a white background. (c) Diagonal line. (d) Red edging (with the red part taking up atleast 35 % of the area of the sign).

(3) HAZARD OR WARNING SIGN: This is a sign providing warning of a hazard or danger. (e.g Danger, Beware of Electricity, Highly flammable signage at the back of a petrol tanker truck).                                                                                                                                                   FEATURES OF A WARNING SIGN (a) Triangular shape. (b) Black pictogram on yellow background with black edging (e.g with the yellow part taking up atleast 50 % of the area of the sign).

(4) EMERGENCY ESCAPE OR FIRST AID SIGN: This is a sign providing information on emergency exits, first aid or rescue facilities( ‘e.g emergency exit’).

FEATURES OF SAFETY INFORMATION SIGNS (a) Square or rectangular shape. (b) White pictogram on a green background( with the green part taking up atleast 50% of the area of the sign). Pictoral samples of the different classes of safety signs can be seen online on the internet. So until I come your way again, it is Goke Akingbade wishing you a great weekend ahead.

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Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) bringing you another topic on health and safety to discuss on. Today we will be considering what is so paramount in occupational safety and health , which is a Safety culture.
Culture is defined to be the way of life of a set of people within a geographical location.The Occupational Safety and Health Administration ( OSHA) defines a safety culture as a combination of an organization’s safety attitudes, behaviours, beliefs, values, ways of doing things and other shared characteristics of a particular group of people.
You need to ensure that a positive safety culture is developed in your organization.
Workers know and sense it when top level management care about their safety. Workers ought to be provided with safe work tools, physical resources that will help them perform their job task in a safe manner. Psychosocial resources should be made available too. The workload should not overburden an individual worker, if this is done, it will lead to stress. Job rotation can bs incorporated whereby the task can be performed by more than one worker or job scheduling at a conducive time. As long as workers know and can perceive that management care about their health, safety and welfare, they will buy in into the relevance of a safe and healthful workplace.
Workers should be allowed to provide suggestions on how the job task can be done safely and also gice their complaints on the state of the work environment. The Health and Safety representative ought to ensure that whatever the employees discloses is communicated to management, and appropriate feedback is communicated bact to workers. THE BENEFITS OF A POSITIVE SAFETY CULTURE TO WORKERS.
1.Higher morale and job satisfaction.
2. There will be improvement in physical and mental well-being.
3. Increased confidence in the company they work for.
4. Reduced sickness, sick leave and disability.
5. Free flow of communication about safety concerns from workers to management.

1. Increased worker productivity.
2. Reduced absence attributed to sickness.
3. Better staff retention and enhanced recruitment.
4. Reduction in accident and incident rates.
5. Improvement in employee morale and worker satisfaction.
6. Improved public relations and corporate.
7. Reduction in insurance and ill health retirement payment.
8. Compliance with legislation.
These are some of the benefits derived from imbibing a positive safety culture. Till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety guide) signing out.