The Relevance of conducting a Job Hazard Analysis.
Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) here with another interesting topic to dwell on. We will discussing about a very important aspect on occupational health and safety.
If the operational activities of your organization put your employees at risk or exposed them to hazardous Job tasks, then you need to conduct Risk assessment of the work. One Risk assessment tool is a Job Hazard Analysis. A job hazard analysis is a risk assessment tool that screens job tasks by breaking the work into key steps, identify potential hazards and prefer safe work procedures to control risk that is associated with the inherent hazards.
Any non routine work that poses high risk, any task that can lead to worker injury or illness, any hot work task need a job hazard analysis to be conducted before embarking on it.
You can get information about such job task from your accident reports and workers compensation claims. Any job task that has the following criteria must have a job hazard analysis conducted for it:
1. A task with a history of work related injuries or near misses.
2. A work leading to a catastrophic event, release of toxic gas ,chemical release.
3. A work done in a new environment.
4. Any form of work that requires a work permit before it can be embarked on.
5. Rarely performed job tasks, any type of maintenance procedure faols under this category.
In fully identifying such kinds of jobs, information can he obtained from the following sources:
A. Accident reports and near miss reports
B. Workers compensation claims
C. Walk around workplace inspection.
Accident investigation reports will direct you to workers who were involved in injuries before and also type of injury that it was. A similar information will be gotten from a near miss report, this will help detect potential unsafe situations in the past and also hazardous behaviors too.
The questions to ask about each subtask
1. Does the layout of the process create hazards
2. Are workers working in environment exposing them to extreme temperatures?
3.Is there enough lighting in the work environment?
4. Is the work done outdoors which can expose workers to unfavorable weather conditions?
5. Is the work done at height, be it a ladder, roof top etc?
6. Do the tools, equipment create a hazard?
7. Is there an access or egress to access the work area?
8. Is there excessive noise or vibration while the work is being done?
9. Can any part of the worker’s body or clothing be caught in an equipment or machinery?
The Relevance of involving employees in the JHA process.
It is very important that the worker involved in the job task be carried along when conducting a Job Hazard Analysis as well as the worker’s supervisor.This is to enable them bring their insights into the process. They can help in the identification of hazards and also taking ownership of the JHA process.
This is where we will be stopping for today. So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) wishing you a great and safe rest of the day.