The Relevance of Behaviour Based Safety

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic for you to ponder over. We will be continuing on the topic we started on last time, Behaviour-Based Safety.
Behaviour is what a person does or says. What causes an individual to behave in a certain way is influenced by other factors. In other words, a persons behaviour is shaped by attitudes and situations. Behaviour-Based Safety (BBS) is a Safety Management System that species precisely what behaviours are intended to develop and maintain a safe workplace and are known as safe behaviours. It is about identifying management policies and practices that affect human behaviour in the work environment. For an organization to maintain a safe workplace, an effective BBS program must be in place.
A good BBS program will assist organizations to: (1) Reduce near misses, accidents and property damage. (2) Reduce injury and illness rates in the workplace. (3) Maintain a healthier workforce. (4) Reduce workers compensation costs. (5) Reduce workers absenteeism. (6) Improve workers feelings about their work. (7) Elevate safety to a higher level of awareness.
Most injuries and illnesses in the workplace can be prevented. When a company has a safety culture , encouraging a proactive and positive attitude to safety, the number of injuries and illnesses declines. On the other hand, those with poor safety habits, regular at-risk behaviours, and negative attitudes towards safety experience higher incident rates.
Incidents can usually be connected to one or more of the following causes :

(1) BEHAVIOUR ( for example, improper attitude or actions, lack of knowledge or skills.

(2) UNSAFE CONDITIONS which could be environmental.

BEHAVIOUR : examples of these include failure to warn, horseplay, defecting safety devices, operating without authority, working in an unsafe posture, working at an unsafe speed, unsafe loading, placing, mixing, failure of the worker to use PPE.

UNSAFE CONDITIONS : These includes improper PPE, defective equipment, improper ventilation or lighting, and unsafe apparel.
UNSAFE PERSONAL FACTORS : These includes weakness in the muscles, defective eye sight, lack of the needful skills, the use of alcohol or hard drugs, physical or mental impairment.
In identifying the factors that contribute to accidents in the workplace, the following questions must be asked:
Did the worker receive proper safety training?
Did the worker know how to use the equipment?
Are procedures in place to deal with faulty equipment?
Was the worker reminded not to use the faulty equipment?
Why did the supervisor allow the use of such equipment?
Was the job examined by the supervisor first of all?
Why was the fault or defect in the equipment not detected?
It is thus very crucial for organizations to strive to develop a good safety culture.

It is an attitude, rather than a set of rules or procedures. It is a way of life, a mindset achieved and maintained when it is introduced, encouraged and practised by senior management. A successful safety culture requires:

(A) Complete commitment to safety as a lifestyle by senior management.

(B) An expectation, at all levels that safe behaviours ought to be practised both on and off the job.

(C) A comprehensive training program which includes regular refresher training.

(D) Company-wide communication systems for collecting, analysing and exchanging safety related information and incident data.
A safety culture begins with managements commitment to safety, which is clearly seen by everyone at every level.
Interventions should be directed towards the workers behaviour before incidents occur.

The types of interventions will vary depending on the root causes of the behaviour. Effective intervention involves mutual respect and trust. If you are supervisor, make sure that you : (1) Get Involved.

(2) Involve your team.

(3) Look for ways to measure safe behaviour.

(4) Attend the same training as your team.

(5) Be proactive and get involved in safety.

(6) Follow-up on the actions you take.
As an organization, it is very crucial that an effective safety culture is imbibed by every member of the organization.

This is the essence of a behaviour-based safety program. As long as this incorporated into the operational objectives of the organization, and its performance is constantly monitored, there will be an overall improvement in the safety and health of the workforce.
So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade wishing you a safe week ahead.


Behaviour-Based Safety

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic on health, safety and environment. We will be discussing about Behaviour Based Safety
Behaviour Based Safety (BBS) is the “application of science of behaviour change to real world problems”. The emphasis of Behaviour Based Safety is on what people do, it analyzes why they do it, and then applies a research-supported intervention strategy to improve what people do”.
For any organization to have an effective BBS program, all employees, from the CEO to the cleaner must be involved in the implementation of the BBS. To achieve changes in behaviour, a change in policy, procedures and/or systems most assuredly will also need some change. Those changes cannot be done without buy-in and support from all involved in making those decisions.
BBS is not based on assumptions, personal feeling, and/or common knowledge. To be successful, the BBS program used must be based on scientific knowledge.
A good BBS program will consist of:
Common goals  Both employee and managerial involvement in the process
Definition of what is expected Specifications of target behaviours derived from safety assessments
Observational data collection
Decisions about how best to proceed based on those data
Feedback to associates being observed
The primary goal of an effective BBS program is to ultimately promote a positive safety culture in the organization.


The health and safety culture of an organization is the product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies and patterns of behaviour that determines the commitment to, the style and proficiency of the health and safety management of an organization (HSE).

Safety is everyones responsibility! As an employee, you should:
1.Learn to work safely and take all rules seriously.
2.Recognize hazards and avoid them.
3.Report all accidents, injuries and illness to your supervisor immediately.
4.Inspect tools before use to avoid  injury.
5.Wear all assigned personal protective equipment.

On the other hand, it is managements responsibility to:
1.Provide a safe and healthy workplace.
2.Provide personal protective equipment.
3.Train employees in safe procedures and in how to identify hazards.
4.Everyone must be aware of potential hazards on the job:

Poor housekeeping results in slips, trips and falls.
Electricity can cause shocks, burns or fire if not handled properly.
Poor material handling may cause back problems or other injuries.
Tools and equipment can cause injuries if guards or protective devices are disengaged.
Always use the protections that are provided on the job:
Guards on machines and tools keep body parts from contacting moving equipment.
Insulation on electrical equipment prevents burns, shock and fire.
Lockout/tagout assures equipment is de-energized before it is repaired.
Personal protective equipment shields your body from hazards you may face on the job.
In case of emergency:
Understand alarms and evacuation routes.
Know how to notify emergency response personnel.
Implement a procedure for leaving the scene safely so emergency personnel can do their job.
Wipe up spills promptly and correctly.
Safety benefits everyone. With fewer injuries, a business can be more productive and profitable. By incorporating safety rules, employees avoid injury as well as illness from exposure to hazardous substances. This is where we will be drawing to a close for today, so till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) wishing you a fruitful day.