The Relevance of Behaviour-Based Safety

THE RELEVANCE OF BEHAVIOUR-BASED SAFETY.

Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic for you to ponder over. We will be discussing about Behaviour-Based Safety.

Behaviour is what a person does or says. What causes an individual to behave in a certain way is influenced by other factors. In other words, a persons behaviour is shaped by attitudes and situations. Behaviour-Based Safety (BBS) is a Safety Management System that species precisely what behaviours are intended to develop and maintain a safe workplace and are known as safe behaviours.  It is about identifying management policies and practices that affect human behaviour in the work environment.  For an organization to maintain a safe workplace, an effective BBS program must be in place.

A good BBS program will assist organizations to:                                                                                                                 (1) Reduce near misses, accidents and property damage.                                                                                             (2) Reduce injury and illness rates in the workplace.                                                                                                     (3) Maintain a healthier workforce.                                                                                                                       (4) Reduce workers compensation costs.                                                                                                                   (5) Reduce workers absenteeism.                                                                                                                                (6) Improve workers feelings about their work.                                                                                                               (7) Elevate safety to a higher level of awareness.

Most injuries and illnesses in the workplace can be prevented. When a company has a safety culture , encouraging a proactive and positive attitude to safety, the number of injuries  and illnesses declines.                                                                                                                       On the other hand, those with poor safety habits, regular at-risk behaviours, and negative attitudes towards safety experience higher incident rates.

Incidents can usually be connected to one or more of the following causes :                                                                                                     (1) BEHAVIOUR ( for example, improper attitude or actions, lack of knowledge or skills.                       (2) UNSAFE CONDITIONS which could be environmental.                     (3) UNSAFE PERSONAL FACTOR.

BEHAVIOUR : examples of these include failure to warn, horseplay, defecting safety devices, operating without authority, working in an unsafe posture, working at an unsafe speed, unsafe loading, placing, mixing, failure of the worker to use PPE.

UNSAFE CONDITIONS : These includes improper PPE, defective equipment, improper ventilation or lighting, and unsafe apparel.

UNSAFE PERSONAL FACTORS : These includes weakness in the muscles, defective eye  sight, lack of the needful skills, the use of alcohol or hard drugs, physical or mental impairment.

In identifying the factors that contribute to accidents in the workplace, the following questions must be asked:

Did the worker receive proper safety training?

Did the worker know how to use the equipment?

Are procedures in place to deal with faulty equipment?

Was the worker reminded not to use the faulty equipment?

Why did the supervisor allow the use of such equipment?

Was the job examined by the supervisor first of all?

Why was the fault or defect in the equipment not detected?

It is thus very crucial for organizations to strive to develop a good safety culture.

WHAT IS A SAFETY CULTURE?

It is an attitude, rather than a set of rules or procedures.                                                                                        It is a way of life, a mindset achieved and maintained when it is introduced, encouraged and practised by senior management.                                                                                                                                         A successful safety culture requires:                                                                                                                       (A) Complete commitment to safety as a lifestyle by senior management.

(B) An expectation, at all levels that safe behaviours ought to be practised both on and off the job.

(C) A comprehensive training program which includes regular refresher training.

(D) Company-wide communication systems for collecting, analysing and exchanging safety related        information and incident data.

A safety culture begins with managements commitment to safety, which is clearly seen by everyone at every level.

Interventions should be directed towards the workers behaviour before incidents occur.                              The types of interventions will vary depending on the root causes of the behaviour. Effective intervention involves mutual respect and trust. If you are supervisor, make sure that you :   (1) Get Involved.                                                                                                   (2) Involve your team.                                                                                           (3) Look for ways to measure safe behaviour.                                                                                                                   (4) Attend the same training as your team.                                                                                                                    (5) Be proactive and get involved in safety.                                                                                                                (6) Follow-up on the actions you take.

As an organization, it is very crucial that an effective safety culture is imbibed by every member of the organization.    This is the essence of a behaviour-based safety program. As long as this incorporated into the operational objectives of the organization, and its performance is constantly monitored, there will be an overall improvement in the safety and health of the workforce. 

So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade wishing  you a Merry Christmas and a Happy 2016.

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Working Safely in the Kitchen

WORKING SAFELY IN THE KITCHEN

WORKING SAFELY IN THE KITCHEN
Hello there, this is your Goke Akingbade (your Safety guide) bringing you another insightful health and safety topic to discuss on.
We are in the festive season and we know that a lot of cooking or work is done in the kitchen  mostly in this period of the year. It is so easy to assume that rarely will accidents occur inside the kitchen but we need to be safety conscious while we prepare Fried rice or Jollof rice or fry or roast chicken or turkey.SAFETY TIPS THAT WILL ENSURE YOU & YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS WORK SAFELY IN THE KITCHEN.

MAINTAIN GOOD HOUSEKEEPING.                                                             

We say in safety that house keeping entails a lot of things.      It involves keeping your work area clean and tidy, neatly arranging your worktools in an orderly manner.                                                   So lets apply this to the kitchen. All forms of waste generated must be disposed inside a waste bin, nothing should be left on the floor. A yam peel, cabbage, banana peel or plantain peel if unknowingly stepped on can result in slips and falls. In the kitchen drawer, chopping knives should be separated from cutleries. This is to avoid a cut in the finger while attempting to pick a sharp knife from the drawer.

ENSURE THAT WATER, OIL SPILLS ARE CLEANED UP IMMEDIATELY.

This usually happens when the cook in the kitchen wants to fry meat, fish or chicken. Any oil that is spilled on the ground ought to be mopped dry on time. It is preferable that soap be used for washing the affected area before mopping it up with a mopping stick or a dry cloth. It is not a funny sight when someone slips and falls down due to a slippery floor. This can also happen when water spills on the floor and is left uncleaned.

DON’T LEAVE CHILDREN UNATTENDED TO IN THE KITCHEN.
Children are overly curious and inquisitive beings. This little people find the kitchen to be a fun place to visit and play around in. It is thus very important for you as a parent or guardian to keep your eyes open while children step into the kitchen. They will require less supervision when they are reaching nine, ten, eleven years old. Younger children most times want to act like an adult and will tend to want to pick up a knife to play with. They might want to take a spoon or fork from the locations where these are kept in order to use the spoon of fork to themselves. Are these cutleries separated from sharp knives inside the kitchen drawer.

COOKING POTS SHOULD ALWAYS BE COVERED.
Always ensure that while cooking, cooking pots are fully covered to prevent splashing of steam, hot water, hot soup on any part of the skin. It can be very painful if any of this were to happen.  It could   leave a scar on the victim. We will continue in another time. So until I come your way again. This is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety Guide) saying Be safe. Wishing you a Merry Christmas and a Prosperous New Year.

Beyond Computers

BEYOND COMPUTERS.
Hello there, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety Guide) bringing you another interesting topic. We will be considering the effects of using computers to one’s health.
Most office workers usually spend one-third of their day in front of a computer. When such a person stays in a fixed position for a long time, the individual experiences fatigue, eyestrain and low back pains. These three listed bodily pains are referred to as work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs).

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are associated with workstations and work done on the computer. This is the more reason one has to look beyond just considering the computer in terms of one’s workstation.
Here are some tips on how to make your workstation less prone to WMSDs:

Consider the entire workstation and not just your chair, look at the seating. The seating ought to following characteristics: (a) Adjustable seat with height and which can be tilted. (b)Adjustable back rest with height, angle and depth. (c) Adjustable arms with height, width, angle and five legs for support
Electrical cords should be secured and away from the feet and walk spaces so as to prevent anyone tripping on the cord.
It is very important that electrical equipment be shut down at the end of the workday.
Avoid unnecessary lighting entering into the room and affecting the worker, this can be due to window effects such as window blinds, curtains and glass treatment. Just ensure that you position work away from windows and direct lights
Relocate printers and copiers away from inside offices where people work in. Printers and copiers should have their own separate location.
As regards filing files into cabinets, heavy file loads should be at bottom level not on top.
Lighter loads should be in the top drawers of file cabinet.
No load should be on top of file cabinet.
Ensure that your work habits while at your desk also reduces your being prone to WMSDs.
In line with the above, ensure that you keep the items that you frequently use close at hand
Organize equipment to fit the work process and needs
Take breaks and move about
Schedule short tasks such as filing between in-depth computing tasks
Keep trash cans, brief cases , bags and boxes out of walkways
I believe with these tips, you will be able to keep yourself free from less risk of experiencing WMSDs.
So till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade(your Safety Guide) saying do have a safe rest of the day.

Working Safely at Height.

WORKING SAFELY AT HEIGHT.
Hello there,this is Goke Akingbade ( your Safety guide) bringing another interesting topic to you. We will considering Working Safely at height.

WHAT IS WORK AT HEIGHT?
Work at height refers to any work done in any place, including a place at, above or below ground level where a person could incur injuries if they fell from such a place.

EXAMPLES OF WORK AT HEIGHT ACTIVITIES.
Examples of work activities regarded as work at height are :
1. Work done from a ladder.
2. Work done on a flat roof.
3. Work done at ground level adjacent to an open excavation.
4. Work done near or adjacent to fragile substances.

REASONS FOR CONTROLLING WORK AT HEIGHT.
Falls from height are the most common cause of fatal injury and the second most common cause of major injury to workers, accounting for around 15% of such injuries.
For this discussion, our major emphasis will be on using Ladders safely.
WHEN TO USE LADDERS.
i.Ladders can be used if after conducting a risk assessment, the use of a more suitable work equipment cannot be justified due to level of risk being low and short duration of work.
ii. The short work duration is between 15 and 30 minutes which is also dependent on the task to be done.
iii. Ladders can be used for low risk work.

STEP LADDERS.
Before embarking on using a step ladder, there are some factors that need to be put into consideration, which are the condition of the ladder and also the position on which the step ladder is to be placed.
A step ladder in good condition has:
1. Feet firmly attached.
2. Secure locking devices
3. Secure fastenings when it is extended.
4. Clean threads.
A step ladder in good position:
1. Is locked in place.
2. Is fully open.
3. Will not move at the base of the ladder.
4. Stands on a surface that is:
i. Level
ii. Not slippery
iii. Firm
iv. Clear
These are the safety measures to implement while using a step ladder:
I. Ensure to only carry light materials and tools up on the ladder( up to 10kg).
II. Only work on a step ladder for a maximum 10 to 15 minutes.
III.Do not over reach.
IV. Keep both feet on the step throughout the task.
V. Ensure that you have a safe handhold on the steps.
This is all I have to discuss on for today, so till I come your way again, this is Goke Akingbade (your Safety guide) wishing you a safe rest of the day.

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